Scotland Part 2

Scotland; Scottish Gaelic: Alba is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain. It shares a border with England to the south and is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east and the North Channel and the Irish Sea to the south-west. In addition to the mainland, the country is made up of more than 790 islands.

“Scotland” comes from Scoti, the Latin name for the Gaels. The Late Latin word Scotia (“land of the Gaels”) was initially used to refer to Ireland. By the 11th century at the latest, Scotia was being used to refer to (Gaelic-speaking) Scotland north of the river Forth, alongside Albania or Albany, both derived from the Gaelic Alba. The use of the words Scots and Scotland to encompass all of what is now Scotland became common in the Late Middle Ages.
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